Health In All Policies (HiAP)
Health in All Policies is a collaborative approach to improving the health of all people by incorporating health considerations into decision-making across sectors and policy areas. The goal of Health in All Policies is to ensure that all decision-makers are informed about the health, equity, and sustainability consequences of various policy options during the policy development process.
A Health in All Policies approach identifies the ways in which decisions in multiple sectors affect health, and how better health can support the achievement of goals from multiple sectors. It engages diverse governmental partners and stakeholders to work together to improve health and simultaneously advance other goals, such as promoting job creation and economic stability, transportation access and mobility, a strong agricultural system, environmental sustainability, and educational attainment.
Health in All Policies builds on a long public health tradition of successful intersectoral collaboration, such as efforts to implement water fluoridation, reduce lead exposure, restrict tobacco use in workplaces and public spaces, improve sanitation and drinking water quality, reduce domestic violence and drunk driving, and require the use of seatbelts and child car seats.
Health in All Policies encompasses a wide spectrum of activities, with one-time collaborative efforts with a single partner at one end, and whole-of-government approaches involving on-going collaboration across many agencies at the other. While all parts of the spectrum can help further a Health in All Policies approach, Health in All Policies is most effective when it goes beyond one-time or one-issue collaborations. Ultimately the Health in All Policies approach seeks to institutionalize considerations of health, equity, and sustainability as a standard part of decision-making processes across a broad array of sectors.